Medical treatment for mononucleosis is generally reserved for those cases in which complications arise.
- Corticosteroids may be prescribed in rare cases of airway obstruction, hemolytic anemia (an autoimmune process in which red blood cells are destroyed), severe thrombocytopenia (a decrease in platelets, which are clotting components in the blood), and complications involving the heart and nerves.
- Antibiotics are not used to treat mononucleosis.
- Admission to a hospital is rarely needed, unless unforeseen complications occur.
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