Altitude Sickness (Mountain Sickness) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Altitude Sickness (Mountain Sickness) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

See the entire definition of Acetaminophen

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

See the entire definition of Airway

Altitude illness: Altitude illness (or altitude sickness) is a disorder caused by being at...

See the entire definition of Altitude illness

Altitude sickness: Altitude sickness (or altitude illness) is a disorder caused by being a...

See the entire definition of Altitude sickness

Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

See the entire definition of Aspirin

Bicarbonate: In medicine, bicarbonate usually refers to bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarb...

See the entire definition of Bicarbonate

Blood pH: The acidity or alkalinity of blood. The pH of any fluid is the measure of the hy...

See the entire definition of Blood pH

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

See the entire definition of Breathing

Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cerebral edema: Accumulation of excessive fluid in the substance of the brain. The brain i...

See the entire definition of Cerebral edema

Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

See the entire definition of Coma back to top

Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

See the entire definition of Conditioning

Continuous positive airway pressure: See: CPAP.

Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

See the entire definition of Cough

CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. CPAP is an effective treatment for obstructive ...

See the entire definition of CPAP

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

See the entire definition of Diuretic

Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

See the entire definition of Dizziness

Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

See the entire definition of Edema

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

See the entire definition of Fever

Hangover: A common nonmedical term for the disagreeable physical effects following excessi...

See the entire definition of Hangover

HAPE: Acronym for High Altitude pulmonary edema, the accumulation in the lungs of extravas...

See the entire definition of HAPE

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

High altitude: Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude?

back to top

High altitude pulmonary edema: Known for short as HAPE, the accumulation in the lungs of e...

See the entire definition of High altitude pulmonary edema

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

See the entire definition of High blood pressure

Hyperbaric: Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also perta...

See the entire definition of Hyperbaric

Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

See the entire definition of Hypothermia

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

See the entire definition of Insomnia

Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

See the entire definition of Intervention

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

See the entire definition of Kidney

Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Mountain sickness: Also known as altitude sickness or altitude illness, this is a disorder...

See the entire definition of Mountain sickness

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

See the entire definition of Nausea

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset back to top

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

See the entire definition of Oxygen

Periodic breathing: Clusters of breaths separated by intervals of apnea (no breathing) or ...

See the entire definition of Periodic breathing

Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

See the entire definition of Pneumonia

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Public health: The approach to medicine that is concerned with the health of the community...

See the entire definition of Public health

Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary edema: Fluid in the lungs.

Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

See the entire definition of Pulse

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Respiratory failure: Inability of the lungs to perform their basic task of gas exchange, t...

See the entire definition of Respiratory failure

Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

See the entire definition of Shortness of breath

Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

See the entire definition of Steroid

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

back to top

Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

See the entire definition of Tobacco

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

See the entire definition of Trigger

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Ventilation: The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so that oxygen can ...

See the entire definition of Ventilation

Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top




NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD


Medical Dictionary