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MRSA Infection (cont.)

MRSA and Pregnancy

If a pregnant woman is a MRSA carrier, there is no research evidence that her pregnancy will be compromised. In general, MRSA screening is not done routinely during pregnancy. However, if a woman has been diagnosed previously with MRSA and is having a planned C-section, she has a high risk for complications, has a MRSA-positive household member, or has been hospitalized in the last three months, she may be screened for MRSA. Some clinicians will offer treatment to suppress the bacteria; other clinicians may not, depending on the mother's circumstances. Pregnant women who get MRSA infections are treated with antibiotics; if they pass MRSA to their infant, the baby can also be treated. Fortunately, serious MRSA infections in infants are rare. Pregnant women with MRSA infections should be treated by specialists, usually a team consisting of an ob-gyn and infectious disease consultant, since careful choices in antibiotics and close follow-up yield the best outcomes for the mother and baby.

Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease

REFERENCES:

Lee, Dennis. "Clostridium difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile Colitis, C. diff)." MedicineNet.com. June 2, 2008. <http://www.medicinenet.com/clostridium_difficile_colitis/article.htm>.

Liu, C., A. Bayer, S.E. Cosgrove, et al. "Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the Treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in Adults and Children." Clin. Infect. Dis. 52 (2011): 285-292.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections." Apr. 15, 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "MRSA Statistics." Apr. 8, 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/statistics/index.html>.

Welte, T., and M. Pletz. "Antimicrobial Treatment of Nosocomial Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Pneumonia: Current and Future Options." Int J Antimicrob Agents 36.5 (2010): 391-400.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/5/2014

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