Multiple Sclerosis (MS) FAQs
Reviewed by Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Take the Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quiz First! Before reading this FAQ, challenge yourself and
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Q:What kind of disease is multiple sclerosis?
A:Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune condition.
Q:What does the body's nervous system control?
A:The nervous system controls the processing of sensory information, reflex reactions, voluntary movement, thought and reason, and functional body mechanisms such as breathing, circulation, digestion, and heartbeat. All the nerve cells in the body together comprise the nervous system.
Q:What is myelin?
A:Myelin is a coating that surrounds nerves that facilitate the passage of nerve signals.
Q:Imbalance is a common symptom of MS. True or false?
Q:Do people die from MS?
Q:What is the meaning of the term "multiple sclerosis"?
A:The best direct translation of "multiple sclerosis" is "many locations of scar tissue."
Q:Multiple sclerosis is only seen in adults. True or false?
Q:The clear cause of MS remains unknown, though what may be important factors?
A:While it is understood that MS results from autoimmune damage to myelin, the exact reasons why this damage occurs and why the immune system targets myelin are poorly understood. Both genetic and environmental factors may play a role in its development.
Q:Are there treatments available for MS? Yes or no?
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