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Munchausen Syndrome (cont.)

Munchausen Syndrome Symptoms and Signs

Individuals with Munchausen syndrome intentionally produce or exaggerate symptoms. They may lie about or fake symptoms, self-induce injury to cause symptoms, or alter the results of tests by contaminating samples such as a urine sample. Signs and symptoms of Munchausen syndrome may include the following:

  • Dramatic medical history of serious illness, often with inconsistent details of the problem
  • Symptoms that fit a diagnosis too perfectly or lack of signs that go with symptoms (for example, no sign of dehydration yet the person complains of diarrhea and vomiting)
  • Symptoms that change or worsen once a treatment is begun
  • History of seeking care at numerous other doctors, offices, or hospitals
  • Eagerness to undergo exams, tests, and procedures
  • Reluctance to let health care professionals contact previous health care professionals or family and friends
  • Evidence of multiple surgical scars
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/1/2012

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Munchausen Syndrome »

The medical case literature provides compelling documentation of patients who have intentionally exaggerated, feigned, simulated, aggravated, or self-induced an illness or injury for the primary purpose of assuming the sick role.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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