Muscle Cramps Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Muscle Cramps article.

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Alzheimer's disease: A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementi...

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Angina: Chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. The pain is ...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Bile: Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder an...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Botox: A highly purified preparation of botulinum toxin A, a toxin produced by the bacteri...

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Botulism: An uncommon, but potentially very serious illness, a type of food poisoning, tha...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Claudication: Limping. From the Latin claudicare, which means 'to limp.' The Roman emperor...

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Contraction: The tightening and shortening of a muscle.

Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Electromyogram: A test that records the electrical activity of muscles. Normal muscles pro...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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LDH: Lactate dehydrogenase.

Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lipitor: See: Atorvastatin.

Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Muscle cramp: An involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax. When we...

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Myasthenia gravis: An autoimmune neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by fatigue a...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palpable: Something that can be felt. For example, a palpable growth is one that can be de...

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Pantothenic Acid : see: Acid, pantothenic.

Parkinson's disease: A slowly progressive neurologic disease that is characterized by a fi...

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Perspiration: 1) The secretion of fluid by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. These small, ...

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Phosphorus: An essential element in the diet and a major component of bone.

Poor circulation: An inadequacy of blood flow. Inadequate blood flow to a particular area ...

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Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pyridoxine: One of the vitamin B6 group (which also includes pyridoxal and pyridoxamine) t...

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Quinine: The original antimalarial agent, quinine took its name from the Peruvian Indian w...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Rehydration: The process of restoring lost water (dehydration) to the body tissues and flu...

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Skeletal: Pertaining to the skeleton, the bones of the body that collectively provide the ...

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Skeletal muscle: Along with smooth and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Thiamine: Vitamin B1. Thiamine (vitamin B1) acts as a coenzyme in the metabolism of the bo...

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Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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Dystonia, writer's cramp: A dystonia that affects the muscles of the hand and sometimes th...

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Writer's cramp: A dystonia that affects the muscles of the hand and sometimes the forearm ...

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