Muscle Cramps (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Stretching is recommended before and after for cramps that are caused by vigorous physical activity. An adequate warm-up and cooldown before and after activity can help prevent muscle cramps. Adequate hydration before, during, and after physical activity is important, especially if the duration exceeds one hour, and replacement of electrolytes (especially sodium and potassium, which are major components of perspiration) can also be helpful. Excessive fatigue, especially in warm weather, should be avoided. Supplemental calcium and magnesium have each been shown to help prevent cramps associated with pregnancy. Drinking quinine (tonic water) before bedtime can alleviate night cramps.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/30/2015
Must Read Articles Related to Muscle Cramps
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Muscle Cramps:
Muscle Cramps - Effective Treatments
What kinds of treatments have been effective for your muscle cramps?
Muscle Cramps In Calves - Causes
What was the cause of your muscle cramps?
Pain and Injury Resources
- Early Care for Your Premature Baby
- What to Eat When You Have Cancer
- When to Take More Pain Medication