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Muscle Cramps (cont.)

What Is the Treatment for Muscle Cramps?

The primary treatment of muscle cramps involves methods to relax the affected muscle. This typically involves stretching, massage, and heat application. Other treatments are directed toward the underlying cause of the muscle cramps and can include rehydration, electrolyte repletion, hormone treatment, calcium supplementation, etc.

Are There Medications That Treat Muscle Cramps?

Muscle relaxants such as cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), orphenadrine (Norflex), and baclofen (Lioresal) can be helpful to relax cramping muscles. Some people benefit by drinking simple quinine-containing water (tonic water) before bedtime. In recent years, injections of therapeutic doses of botulism toxin (Botox) have been used successfully for some spastic muscle disorders that are localized to a limited group of muscles. A good response may last several months or more, and the injection may then be repeated.

Persisting muscle cramps can require blood testing and an evaluation by a neurologist. Return to your health-care professional if your muscle cramps recur.

Your follow-up with your health-care professional can be important to detect associated activities or diseases that should be addressed to stop your muscle cramping.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/26/2016

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