Font Size
A
A
A

Muscle Cramps (cont.)

Is It Possible to Prevent Muscle Cramps?

Stretching is recommended before and after for cramps that are caused by vigorous physical activity. An adequate warm-up and cooldown before and after activity can help prevent muscle cramps. Adequate hydration before, during, and after physical activity is important, especially if the duration exceeds one hour, and replacement of electrolytes (especially sodium and potassium, which are major components of perspiration) can also be helpful. Excessive fatigue, especially in warm weather, should be avoided. Supplemental calcium and magnesium have each been shown to help prevent cramps associated with pregnancy. Drinking quinine (tonic water) before bedtime can alleviate night cramps.

What Is the Prognosis for Muscle Cramps?

Although cramps can be a great nuisance, they are a benign condition. Their importance is limited to the discomfort and inconvenience they cause or to the diseases associated with them. Careful attention to the preceding recommendations will greatly diminish the problem of cramps for most individuals. As mentioned, those with persistent or severe muscle cramps should seek medical attention.

REFERENCE:

Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, McGraw-Hill, Mar 2008.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/26/2016

Must Read Articles Related to Muscle Cramps

Chronic Pain
Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain that persists for a period of six months or longer, and is the result of a long-standing medical condition(s) or damage to the body. Common...learn more >>
Dehydration (Adults)
Dehydration in Adults Dehydration occurs when the loss of body fluids (mostly water), exceeds the amount that is taken in. Causes of dehydration include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, di...learn more >>
Dehydration in Children
Dehydration in Children Dehydration in children can result from not drinking enough liquids, vomiting, diarrhea, or combination of these conditions. Causes of dehydration in children i...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Muscle Cramps:

Muscle Cramps In Calves - Causes

What was the cause of your muscle cramps?

Muscle Cramps - Effective Treatments

What kinds of treatments have been effective for your muscle cramps?



Medical Dictionary