Myxedema Coma Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Myxedema Coma article.

Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Cortical: Having to do with the cortex, the outer layer of an organ.

Cortisol: A metabolite of the primary stress hormone cortisone. Cortisol is an essential f...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Dry skin: Abnormally dry skin. Can be caused by a dry climate, winter weather, severe defi...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Glucose: The simple sugar that is the chief source of energy. Glucose is found in the bloo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hypothyroid: Deficiency of thyroid hormone which is normally made by the thyroid gland wh...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Iodide: The chemical form to which iodine in the diet is reduced before it is absorbed thr...

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Lithium: A naturally occurring salt that, in purified form, is used to treat certain psych...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Myxedema coma: A rare and life-threatening complication of hypothyroidism (low levels of t...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Thyroid hormone: A chemical substance made by the thyroid gland for export into the bloods...

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Thyroid hormones: Chemical substances made by the thyroid gland, which is located in the...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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