Nail Injuries Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Nail Injuries article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Avulsion: Tearing away. A nerve can be avulsed by an injury, as can part of a bone.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Booster shot: An additional dose of a vaccine needed periodically to 'boost' the immune sy...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Distal: The more (or most) distant of two (or more) things. For example, the distal end of...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail cons...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hematoma: A localized swelling that is filled with blood caused by a break in the wall of ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Laceration: A cut.

Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Microvascular: Pertaining to the microvasculature, the portion of the vasculature of the b...

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Nail: In medicine, there are two types of nails. One is just a plain old metal nail used t...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Plastic surgery: A surgical specialty that is dedicated to reconstruction of facial and bo...

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Poor circulation: An inadequacy of blood flow. Inadequate blood flow to a particular area ...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Toenail: A toenail is produced by living skin cells in the toe. A toenail consists of seve...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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