Narcolepsy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Narcolepsy article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

See the entire definition of Analysis

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Autosomal: Pertaining to a chromosome that is not a sex chromosome. People normally have 2...

See the entire definition of Autosomal

Autosomal dominant: A pattern of inheritance in which an affected individual has one copy ...

See the entire definition of Autosomal dominant

Autosomal recessive: A genetic condition that appears only in individuals who have receive...

See the entire definition of Autosomal recessive

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Cataplexy: A debilitating condition in which a person suddenly feels weak and collapses at...

See the entire definition of Cataplexy

Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

See the entire definition of Cerebrospinal fluid

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

See the entire definition of Electrocardiogram

Electroencephalogram: A technique for studying the electrical currents within the brain. E...

See the entire definition of Electroencephalogram

Electromyogram: A test that records the electrical activity of muscles. Normal muscles pro...

See the entire definition of Electromyogram

Excessive daytime sleepiness: A neurological disorder in which there is a sudden recurrent...

See the entire definition of Excessive daytime sleepiness back to top

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

See the entire definition of Gastrointestinal

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

See the entire definition of Headache

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

See the entire definition of Hygiene

Hypothalamus: The area of the brain that secretes substances that influence pituitary and ...

See the entire definition of Hypothalamus

Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

See the entire definition of Laboratory

Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

See the entire definition of Lumbar

Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

See the entire definition of Lumbar puncture

Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

See the entire definition of Memory

Modafinil: An oral drug first approved by the FDA in 1998 for the treatment of narcolepsy,...

See the entire definition of Modafinil

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Narcolepsy: A neurological disorder that is marked by the recurrent, sudden, uncontrollabl...

See the entire definition of Narcolepsy

Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

back to top

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

See the entire definition of Nerve

Neurotransmitter: A chemical that is released from a nerve cell which thereby transmits an...

See the entire definition of Neurotransmitter

Objective: In a microscope, the objective (also called the objective lens) is the lens nea...

See the entire definition of Objective

Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

See the entire definition of Onset

Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

See the entire definition of Paralysis

Pathologic: 1. Indicative of or caused by disease, as in a pathologic fracture, pat...

See the entire definition of Pathologic

Polysomnography: Continuous recording of specific physiologic variables during sleep. Poly...

See the entire definition of Polysomnography

Recessive: A condition that appears only in individuals who have received two copies of a ...

See the entire definition of Recessive

REM sleep: REM sleep is the portion of sleep when there are rapid eye movements (REMs).

Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

See the entire definition of Reuptake

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor: A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is...

See the entire definition of Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

See the entire definition of Sensitivity

Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

See the entire definition of Serotonin

Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

back to top

Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects, disrupts, or involves sleep. The most common...

See the entire definition of Sleep disorders

Sleep hygiene: A series of practices and non-medical treatments for insomnia. Sleep hygien...

See the entire definition of Sleep hygiene

Sleep paralysis: A frightening form of paralysis that occurs when a person suddenly finds...

See the entire definition of Sleep paralysis

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

See the entire definition of Sodium

Specificity: 1. The quality of being specific as, for example, she showed the use o...

See the entire definition of Specificity

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

See the entire definition of Stress

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

See the entire definition of Symptomatic

Transducer: An instrument that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. A transd...

See the entire definition of Transducer

Tricyclic antidepressants: One of a class of medications used to treat depression. The tri...

See the entire definition of Tricyclic antidepressants back to top







Medical Dictionary