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Narcolepsy (cont.)


Problems in children with narcolepsy include poor school performance, social impairment, ridicule from peers, and dysfunction in other activities of normal childhood development.

Adults often perceive narcoleptic symptoms as embarrassing, and social isolation may result.

  • They may encounter interpersonal stress in relationships, sexual dysfunction, and difficulty working because of the condition itself or its treatment.
  • They may experience job impairment from sleep attacks, memory problems, cataplexy, interpersonal problems, and personality changes. These symptoms may lead coworkers to perceive them as "lazy."
  • Persons with narcolepsy are sometimes falsely suspected of illegal drug use.
  • Persons who are taking stimulant medications should inform their employers, because they may test positive for amphetamines on screening drug tests.
  • Persons with narcolepsy are at an increased risk for automobile accidents.
  • Left untreated, narcolepsy may be psychosocially devastating. However, with proper management and treatment, persons with narcolepsy usually lead meaningful and productive personal and professional lives.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/14/2014
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Narcolepsy »

Narcolepsy is characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.

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