NDM-1 Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the NDM-1 article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Acinetobacter: (Pronounced AH-sin-neto-bacter). A group of bacteria found in soil, water, ...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Antibacterial: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antibiotic resistance: The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to resist the effe...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bacteriophage: A virus that lives within a bacterium, replicating itself and eventually de...

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Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Capsid: The protein coat of a virus. The term capsid came in 1960 from the French capside,...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chromosome: A carrier of genetic information that is visible under an ordinary light micro...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elective: In medicine, something chosen (elected). An elective procedure is one that is ch...

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Elective surgery: Surgery that is subject to choice (election). The choice may be made by ...

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Enzyme: A protein (or protein-based molecule) that speeds up a chemical reaction in a livi...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Genetic code: The instructions in a gene that tell the cell how to make a specific protein...

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Genome: All the genetic information possessed by any organism (for example, the human geno...

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Gram-negative: Gram-negative bacteria lose the crystal violet stain (and take the color of...

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Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Klebsiella: A group of bacteria that normally lives in the intestinal tract, but can cause...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Mortality: A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word "mortality" is derived from "m...

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Pandemic: An epidemic (a sudden outbreak) that becomes very widespread and affects a whol...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Plasmid: A circle of DNA that is self-replicating (autonomously replicating) and distinct ...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Replication: A turning back, repetition, duplication, reproduction.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Superbug: An informal term for a bacterium that has become resistant to antibiotics usuall...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Swine flu: A respiratory illness of pigs caused by infection with swine influenza A virus ...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Synthesis: Putting together different entities to make a whole which is new and different....

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Topoisomerase: A class of enzymes that alter the supercoiling of double-stranded DNA. (In ...

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Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Medical Dictionary