Necrotizing Fasciitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Necrotizing Fasciitis article.

Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Aeromonas hydrophila: a type of bacteria commonly found in freshwater or brackish w...

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Amputation: Removal of part or all of a body part that is enclosed by skin. Amputation can...

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Anaerobic: Not requiring oxygen. Anaerobic bacteria, for example, do not require oxygen to...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cellulitis: A spreading bacterial infection underneath the skin surface characterized by r...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Clostridium: A group of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the absence of oxygen)...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Crepitus: A clinical sign in medicine that is characterized by a peculiar crackling, crink...

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Debridement: The act of debriding (removing dead, contaminated or adherent tissue or forei...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Dermal: Pertaining to the skin. From the Greek word derma for skin.

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Escherichia coli: Full term for E. coli, the colon bacillus.

Excise: To cut out entirely. For example, a scalpel or laser beam may be used to excise a ...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flesh-eating bacteria: A popular media term for a type of strep bacteria (group A strep...

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Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Gangrene: Tissue death due to loss of adequate blood supply. Sometimes bacteria invade suc...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Gram stain: The Danish bacteriologist J.M.C. Gram (1853-1938) devised a method of staining...

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Gram-negative: Gram-negative bacteria lose the crystal violet stain (and take the color of...

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Gram-positive: Gram-positive bacteria retain the color of the crystal violet stain in the ...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Hyperbaric: Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also perta...

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Hypoxia: A lower-than-normal concentration of oxygen in arterial blood, as opposed to anox...

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Idiopathic: Of unknown cause. Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be te...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

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Impetigo: A skin infection caused by the staphylococcus or, less often, by the streptococc...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Induration: Localized hardening of soft tissue of the body. The area becomes firm, but not...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Intravenous immunoglobulin: A sterile solution of concentrated antibodies extracted from h...

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Intubation: The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into th...

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Klebsiella: A group of bacteria that normally lives in the intestinal tract, but can cause...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Limb: An arm or a leg.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Morbidity: Illness, disease.

Mortality: Susceptible to death.

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

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MRSA infection: Frequently used abbreviation for: Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aur...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Necrotic: Dead. For example, necrotic tissue is dead tissue.

Necrotizing fasciitis: Severe bacterial infection of the fascia, the tissues that line and...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Occlusion: The act of occluding. See: Occlude.

Open wound: An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high ris...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Organ failure: The failure of an essential system in the body. Multiple organ failure is t...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Oxygenation: The addition of oxygen to any system, including the human body. Oxygenation m...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pathogen: An agent of disease. For example, Bacillus anthracis is the pathogen that causes...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Peripheral vascular disease: A disease of blood vessels outside the heart. Peripheral vasc...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Puncture wound: An injury that is caused by a pointed object that pierces or penetrates th...

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Regimen: A plan or a regulated course, such as a diet, exercise, or treatment, that is des...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Scrape: An abrasion or cut caused by something rubbing roughly against the skin. To treat ...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

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Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Streptococcus pyogenes: A common bacteria that causes strep throat (streptococcal p...

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Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Toxic shock: See Toxic shock syndrome.

Toxic shock syndrome: A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women usin...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Viable: Capable of life. For example, a viable premature baby is one who is able to surviv...

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Vibrio: A group of bacteria that includes Vibrio cholerae, the agent that causes cholera. ...

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Vibrio vulnificus: a type of bacteria that belong to the same family as the bacteri...

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WBC: White blood cell.

White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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