Newborn Jaundice Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Newborn Jaundice article.

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Bilirubin: A yellow-orange compound that is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin from r...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Carotenemia: An excessive blood level of carotene, which causes a temporary yellowing of t...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Consultant: An individual to whom one refers for expert advice or services. The use of con...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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G6PD deficiency: Deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the mo...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hemolysis: The destruction of red blood cells which leads to the release of hemoglobin fro...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Jaundice: Yellow staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally h...

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Kernicterus: A disorder that is due to severe jaundice in the newborn, with deposition of ...

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Lactation: The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, w...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Maternal: 1. Pertaining to the mother as, for example, the maternal mortality rate....

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Neonatal: Pertaining to the newborn period, specifically the first 4 weeks after birth.

Neonatal jaundice: Yellowish staining of the skin and whites of the newborn's eyes (sc...

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Optic: Having to do with vision.

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Phototherapy: Treatment with light. For example, a newborn with jaundice may be put under ...

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Physiologic: Something that is normal, that is due neither to anything pathologic nor sign...

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Polycythemia: Too many red blood cells. The opposite of anemia. polycythemia formally exis...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red cells: Short for red blood cells, the oxygen/carbon dioxide carrying cells in blood. A...

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Reticulocyte: A young red blood cell that usually remains in the bone marrow with only a f...

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Reticulocyte count: The number of reticulocytes (young red blood cells) circulating in blo...

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Sclera: The tough white outer coat over the eyeball that covers approximately the posterio...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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