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Nightmares (cont.)

Nightmares Prognosis

Most people who have experienced a nightmare find that this is an isolated event. The long-term outcome is generally good. If nightmares occur frequently over several months or follow a traumatic event, evaluation by a psychologist or psychotherapist is indicated.

Nightmares are not associated with sleepwalking or other parasomnias (disruptive sleep disorders).

Medically reviewed by Jon Glass, MD; American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology


Stores, G. "Aspects of parasomnias in childhood and adolescence." Archives of Disease in Childhood 94.1 (2009): 63-69.

Thompson, D. F. and D. R. Pierce. "Drug-induced nightmares." The Annals of Pharmacotherapy 33.1 (1999): 93-98.

Previous contributing author and editors: Author: Kevin P. Connelly, DO. Editors: Anthony M Murro, MD, Laboratory Director, Professor, Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia; Mary L Windle, Pharm D, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Pharmacy Editor,, Inc; Carmel Armon, MD, MHS, MSc, Professor of Neurology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Chief, Division of Neurology, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/8/2015

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