Nosebleed (Epistaxis) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Nosebleed (Epistaxis) article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Alcohol abuse: Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions (binge...

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Allergic rhinitis: Medical term for hay fever, an allergic reaction that mimics a chronic ...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cauterization: The use of heat to destroy abnormal cells. Also known as diathermy and elec...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Drip: Short for intravenous drip, a device for administering a fluid drop-by-drop into a v...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Embolization: A treatment that clogs small blood vessels and blocks the flow of blood, suc...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epistaxis: Medical term for nosebleed. The nose is a part of the body that is very rich in...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Hemophilia: An inherited disorder in which the ability of blood to clot normally is impair...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Humidifier: A machine that puts moisture into the air. Humidified air makes it easier to b...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells. Strictly speaking, leukemia should refer only to canc...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Liver disease: Liver disease refers to any disorder of the liver. The liver is a large org...

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Malignancy: A tumor that is malignant (cancerous), that can invade and destroy nearby tiss...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Nasal septum: The dividing wall that runs down the middle of the nose, separating the two ...

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Nasopharynx: The area of the upper throat that lies behind the nose. In contrast to the or...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Nose picking: Using the finger to remove debris from within the nose. Compulsive nose pick...

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Nosebleed: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the nose. The nose is rich in blood vessels ...

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Nostril: The external opening of the nose. The nostrils are also called the nares.

Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Otolaryngologist: A physician specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

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Plexus: 1. In medicine, a network or tangle of lymphatic vessels, nerves, or veins....

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

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Rhinitis: Irritation of the nose.

Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Septum: A dividing wall or enclosure. For example, the septum of the nose is the thin cart...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sneeze: 1. As a verb, to suddenly expel air through the nose and mouth by an involu...

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Speculum: An instrument that is used to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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