Nutrition and Diet (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
The water-soluble vitamins are B and C. Their solubility means that they can leech into water that they are washed, stored, and cooked in and can be excreted in the urine. They are associated with some of the most well-known deficiency diseases. When consumed in adequate amounts, they play an essential role in our health.
There are numerous B vitamins. Each one of them facilitates energy release in every cell, so a deficiency affects the entire body. Fortunately, deficiencies are rare when a diet is well balanced. These are the various B vitamins:
Vitamin C is needed to form collagen in bones, cartilage, muscle, and blood vessels, and aids in the absorption of iron. Vitamin C deficiency was discovered in sailors more than 200 years ago. This deficiency, later called scurvy, was killing sailors who stayed out on the sea for long voyages. Initial symptoms of scurvy in adults may include loss of appetite, diarrhea, shortness of breath, weakness, and fever, followed by irritability, depression, leg pain, pseudoparalysis, swelling over long bones of the body, anemia, paleness, poor wound healing, corkscrew hair, dry eyes, skin thickening (hyperkeratosis), and bleeding (particularly gum bleeding, bleeding behind the eyes causing prominence, bleeding at the joints of the ribs and sternum causing discoloration under the skin of the chest, skin bruising, or blood in the urine or stool). Scurvy can now be prevented with an adequate diet. Dietary sources of vitamin C include fruits and vegetables, particularly citrus fruits such as oranges, limes, and lemons.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/23/2015
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