Font Size

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (cont.)

For More Information

The following organizations can provide information, self-help tips, and/or support for individuals experiencing OCD and their families:

Anxiety Disorders Association of America
8730 Georgia Ave., Ste. 600
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Voice: 240-485-1001
Fax: 240-485-1035

Council on Anxiety Disorders
Route 1, Box 1364
Clarkesville, GA 30523
Phone: 706-947-3854
Fax: 706-947-1265

Freedom From Fear

National Anxiety Foundation
3135 Custer Dr.
Lexington, KY 40517-4001

National Association of Social Workers

National Mental Health Association

National Panic/Anxiety Disorder News, Inc.

American Self-Help Clearinghouse

National Mental Health Consumers' Self-Help Clearinghouse

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

American Counseling Association

American Psychiatric Association

American Psychological Association

Medically reviewed by Ashraf Ali, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology with subspecialty in Child & Adolescent


Abramowitz, J., Moore, K., Carmin, C., Wiegartz, P.S., and Purdon, C. Acute onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder in males following childbirth. Psychosomatics 2001 Oct; 42: 429-431.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Treatment Revision 2000, Washington, D.C.

Baldwin, D.S., Brandish, E.K., and Meron, D. The overlap of obsessive-compulsive disorder and social phobia and its treatment. CNS Spectrums 2008 Sep; 13(9 Suppl 14): 47-53.

Bandelow, B. The medical treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and anxiety. CNS Spectrums 2008 Sep; 13(9 Suppl 14): 37-46.

Bandelow, B., Zohar, J., Hollander, E., Kasper, S., Moller, H.J., et al. World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of anxiety, obsessive-compulsive and post-traumatic stress disorders-first revision. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry 2008; 9(4): 248-312.

Barrett, P.M., Farrell, L., Pina, A.A., Peris, T.S., and Piacentini, J. Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 2008 Jan; 37(1): 131-155.

Bejerot, S. An autistic dimension: A proposed subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Autism 2007; 11(2): 101-110.

Bloch, M.H., Landeros-Weisenberger, A., Kelmendi, B., et al. A systematic review: antipsychotic augmentation with treatment refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. Molecular Psychiatry 2006; 11: 622-632.

Brandes, M., Soares, C.N., and Cohen, L.S. Postpartum obsessive-compulsive disorder: diagnosis and management. Archives of Women's Mental Health 2004 April; 7(2): 99-110.

Christenson, G.A. and Crow, S.J. The characterization and treatment of trichotillomania. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1996; 57(Suppl 8): 42-49.

Disabled Famous people with obsessive compulsive disorder January 25, 2008

Durdle, H., Gorey, K.M. and Stewart, S.H. A meta-analysis examining the relations among pathological gambling, obsessive-compulsive disorder and obsessive-compulsive traits. Psychological Reports 2008 Oct; 103(2): 485-498.

Fireman, B., Koran, L.M., Leventhal, J.L., and Jacobson, A. The prevalence of clinically recognized obsessive-compulsive disorder in a large health maintenance organization. American Journal of Psychiatry 2001 Nov; 158: 1904-1910.

Fisher, P.L. and Wells, A. How effective are cognitive and behavioral treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder? A clinical significance analysis. Behavior Research Therapy 2005 December; 43(12): 1543-1558.

Frederick, C. Hypnotically facilitated treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: can it be evidence-based? International Journal of Clinical Experimental Hypnosis 2007 Apr; 55(2): 189-206.

Godart, N., Berthoz, S., Perdereau, F., and Jeammet, P. Letter to the editor: Comorbidity of anxiety with eating disorders and OCD. American Journal of Psychiatry 2006 Feb; 163: 326.

Goldsmith, T.D., Shapira, N.A., and Keck, P.E. Letter to the editor: Dr. Goldsmith and colleagues reply. American Journal of Psychiatry 2000 May; 157: 839.

Grabe, H.J., Ruhrmann, S., Ettelt, S., Buhtz, F., Hochrein, A., Schulze-Rauschenbach, S., et al. Familiality of obsessive-compulsive disorder in nonclinical and clinical subjects. American Journal of Psychiatry 2006 Nov; 163: 1986-1992.

Greist, J.H., Marks, I.M., Baer, L., Kobak, K.A., Wenzel, K.W., Hirsch, M.J., Mantle, J.M., and Clary, C.M. Behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder guided by a computer or by a clinician compared with relaxation as a control. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2002 Feb; 63(2): 138-145.

Hanstede, M., Gidron, Y., and Nykliek, I. The effects of a mindfulness intervention on obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a non-clinical student population. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorders 2008 Oct; 196(10): 776-779.

Helbing, M.L.C. and Ficca, M. Obsessive-compulsive disorder in school-age children. The Journal of School Nursing 2009; 25(1): 15-26.

Jaurrieta, N., Jimenez-Murcia, S., Menchon, J.M., Del Pino Alonso, M., Segalas, C., Alvarez-Moya, E.M., Labad, J., Granero, R., and Vallejo, J. Individual versus group cognitive-behavioral treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a controlled pilot study. Psychotherapy Research 2008 Sep; 18(5); 604-614.

Kaplan, A., and Hollander, E. A review of pharmacologic treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Services 2003 Aug; 54: 1111-1118.

Khan, M.N., Hotiana, U.A., and Ahmad, S. "Escitalopram in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a double blind placebo control trial." Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad 2007 Oct-Dec; 19(4): 58-63.

Kordon, A., Wahl, K., Koch, N., Zurowski, B., Anlauf, M., Vielhaber, K., Kahl, K.G., Brooks, A., Voderholzer, U., and Hohagen, F. Quetiapine addition to serotonin reuptake inhibitors in patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2008 Oct; 28(5): 550-554.

Krishnan, K.R.R. Psychiatric and medical comorbidities of bipolar disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine 2005; 67: 1-8.

Lochnera, C., Seedata, S., Hemmings, S.M.J., Kinnear, C.J., Corfield, V.A., Niehausa, D.J.H., Moolman-Smook, J.C., and Steina, D.J. Dissociative experiences in obsessive-compulsive disorder and trichotillomania: Clinical and genetic findings. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2004 Sep; 45(5): 384-391.

Maia, T.V., Cooney, R.E., and Peterson, B.S. The neural bases of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adults. Developmental Psychopathology 2008 Fall; 20(4): 1251-1283.

Mancebo, M.C., Eisen, J.L., Grant, J.E., and Rasmussen, S.A. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder: clinical characteristics, diagnostic difficulties, and treatment. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 2005 Oct-Dec; 17(4): 197-204.

Merlo, L.J., and E.A. Storch. "Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Tools for recognizing its many expressions." Journal of Family Practice 55.3 Mar. 2006.

Mohammadi, M.R., Ghanizadeh, A., Rahgozar, M., Noorbala, A.A., et al. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Iran. British Medical College of Psychiatry 2004 Feb 14(4): 2. Obsessive compulsive disorder information 2006-2009.

PELissier, M.C. Cognitive-behavioral treatment of trichotillomania, targeting perfectionism. Clinical Case Studies 2004; 3(1): 57-69.

Russell, A.J., Mataix-Cols, D., Anson, M., and Murphy, D.G. Obsessions and compulsions in Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2005; 186: 525-528.

Starcevic, V. and Brakoulias, V. Symptom subtypes of obsessive-compulsive disorder: are they relevant for treatment? Australia New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2008 Aug; 42(8): 651-661.

Storch, E.A., L.J. Merlo, M.L. Keeley, et al. "Somatic symptoms in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder: associations with clinical characteristics and cognitive-behavioral therapy response." Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 36 (2008): 283-297.

Tenneij, N.H., van Megen, H.J., Denys, D.A., and Westenberg, H.G. Behavior therapy augments response of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder responding to drug treatment. Evidence Based Mental Health 2006; May; 9(2): 53.

Torres, A.R. and Lima, M.C. Epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a review. Rev Bras Psiquiatr (Portuguese) 2005 Sep; 27(3): 237-242.

Uguz, F., Akman, C., Kaya, N., and Cilli, A.S. Postpartum-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder: incidence, clinical features and related factors. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2007 Jan; 68(1): 132-138.

Winter, J.M. and Scheibman, L. An examination of repetitive behaviors in autism and obsessive-compulsive disorder: brain and behavioral similarities. Presentation at the International Meeting for Autism Research 2002; Orlando, Florida.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/8/2015

Must Read Articles Related to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Anxiety Anxiety as a medical condition is characterized b...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - Describe Your Experience

Please describe your experience with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder OCD - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience with your obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Treatment

What was the treatment for your obsessive compulsive disorder?

Medical Dictionary