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Obstructive and Central Sleep Apnea (cont.)

Follow-up for Sleep Apnea

Once a formal diagnosis of sleep apnea is made, proper follow-up with the primary care physician and the sleep doctor is very important. Appropriate management of any underlying conditions and encouraging behavioral therapies play a significant role.

Assessment of the symptoms of sleep apnea, adherence to treatment, fitting the sleep apnea mask, and adjustment of CPAP machine settings are also important components of follow-up care.

Sleep Apnea Prevention

Prevention of sleep apnea syndromes may be limited to preventive measures related to underlying medical conditions that contribute to sleep apnea. Similarly, behavioral approaches such as weight loss, smoking cessation, regular exercise, avoidance of excessive alcohol intake and drug use, and proper sleep hygiene may be steps to take in regard to the prevention of sleep apnea.

Outlook for Sleep Apnea

The overall outlook for sleep apnea is favorable as long as it is recognized, diagnosed, and treated early. Dangers of untreated sleep apnea can include development of high blood pressure, heart disease, heart attacks, heart rhythm disturbances, chronic fatigue, memory and attention problems, and accidents.

Medically reviewed by Peter O’Connor, MD; American Board of Otolaryngology with subspecialty in Sleep Medicine

REFERENCE:

"Overview of obstructive sleep apnea in adults"
UpToDate.com


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/24/2016

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