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Oral Herpes (cont.)

Oral Herpes (HSV-1) Risk Factors

Unfortunately, everyone is at risk to get HSV-1 infection. The majority of children between 6 months to 3 years of age are exposed to HSV-1 simply by contact with other humans. By 14-49 years of age, about 60% of the population has been infected, and by age 60, about 85% of the population has been infected with HSV-1.

Oral Herpes (HSV-1) Prognosis

The sores and symptoms of oral herpes usually completely disappear in two to three weeks with no scarring. However, the sores may reappear under certain stressful situations. Rarely, some complications develop in a few individuals:

  • atopic eczema,
  • encephalitis,
  • keratoconjunctivitis,
  • pharyngitis,
  • hepatitis,
  • herpes whitlow (HSV blisters or lesions on the finger[s]).

Oral Herpes (HSV-1) Pictures

Figure 1: A Tzanck smear shows enlarged nuclei that occupy most of the cell.
A herpes Tzanck smear shows enlarged nuclei that occupy most of the cell. Photo: NIH


Figure 2: HSV-1 lesions (sores) on lips
Oral herpes: Clusters of blisters erupt on the lips, tongue, and inside the mouth. Most people have been infected by at least one herpes subtype before adulthood.

REFERENCES:

Lacker, A., H. Kessler, C. Walch, et al. "Early and Reliable Detection of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 and Varicella Zoster Virus DNA's in Oral Fluid of Patients With Idiopathic Peripheral Facial Nerve Palsy: Decision Support Regarding Antiviral Treatment?" J. Med. Virol. 82 (2010): 1582-1585.

Pinninti, Swetha G. "Pediatric Herpes Simplex Virus Infection." Medscape.com. Apr. 10, 2013. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/964866-overview>.

Salvaggio, Michelle R., and Larry I. Lutwick. "Herpes Simplex." Medscape.com. Jan. 5, 2012. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/
218580-overview>.

Sharma, Rahul, and Lawrence C. Brilliant. "Herpes Simplex." eMedicine.com. Feb. 24, 2010. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/783113-overview>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/14/2014

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Patient Comments & Reviews

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