Thrush Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Thrush article.

Acidophilus: Bacteria found in yogurt that can help restore a supportive bacterial environ...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Buccal mucosa: The inner lining of the cheeks and lips.

Candida albicans: A yeast-like fungal organism found in small amounts in the normal human...

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Candidiasis: Disease caused by the yeast Candida albicans. Candida albicans can cause vagi...

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diaper rash: An inflammatory reaction localized to the area of skin usually covered by the...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Gingiva: The gums.

Homeopathic: Pertaining to homeopathy.

Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infant formula: A substitute for breast milk for feeding infants.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Maternal: 1. Pertaining to the mother as, for example, the maternal mortality rate....

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Metered-dose inhaler: Abbreviated MDI. A device that delivers a measured amount of medicat...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

Nebulizer: A device for administering a medication by spraying a fine mist. Also known as ...

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Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Residual: Something left behind. With residual disease, the disease has not been eradicate...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Study population: The group of individuals in a study. In a clinical trial, the participan...

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Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thrush: Yeast infection of the mouth and throat, characterized by patches of white, caused...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Yogurt: A dairy product made by fermented milk with one or more bacterial cultures. It has...

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