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Oral Thrush (cont.)

Oral Thrush Prevention

Since an oral thrush infection generally represents an overgrowth of the yeast Candida albicans that is commonly found in the oral cavity, prevention strategies focus on limiting such overgrowth and limiting repeated reexposure to Candida.

Nursing mothers should avoid damp or wet nursing pads and consider air-drying their nipples if they or their infant develop repeated yeast infections. Similarly, soap and water hygiene for bottle nipples and pacifiers will lessen oral Candida infections. For those needing daily-inhaled corticosteroids for effective asthma control, use of a spacer when using a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) and rinsing and spitting out with water following MDI or nebulizer administered corticosteroids is imperative.

Oral Thrush Prognosis

The prognosis for infants who experience thrush is excellent. Like many issues, age has its benefits. The function and effectiveness matures as an individual passes from infancy to childhood to adulthood. As such, the frequency of thrush diminishes with age.

Older children, teens, and adults who develop thrush (and are not employing inhaled corticosteroids) should have an evaluation by their physician.

REFERENCES:

Krol, David, and Martha Keels. "Oral Conditions." Pediatrics in Review 28 (2007): 1-7.

Venkatesh, Mohan Pammi. "Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis of Candida Infection in Neonates." UpToDate.com. Feb. 2009. <http://www.uptodate.com/patients/content/topic.do?topicKey=~mcNV_dPvFZbvUb_&selectedTitle=4~9&source=search_result>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/12/2014

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