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Osteoporosis (cont.)

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  1. Anderson JJB (2008). Nutrition and bone health. In LK Mahan, S Escott-Stump, eds., Krause's Food and Nutrition Therapy, 12th ed., pp. 614–635. St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier.

  2. Feldstein A, et al. (2003). Bone mineral density measurement and treatment for osteoporosis in older individuals with fractures. Archives of Internal Medicine, 163(18): 2165–2172.

  3. Edwards BJ, et al. (2010). Functional decline after incident wrist fractures—Study of Osteoporotic Fractures: Prospective cohort study. BMJ. Published July 8, 2010 (doi:10.1136/bmj.c3324).

  4. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2011). Screening for Osteoporosis: Recommendation Statement. Available online:

  5. Qaseem A, et al. (2008). Screening for osteoporosis in men: A clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Annals of Internal Medicine, 148(9): 680–684.

  6. Gillespie LD, et al. (2009). Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2).

  7. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, et al. (2009). Prevention of nonvertebral fractures with oral vitamin D and dose dependency. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(6): 551–561.

  8. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2004, reaffirmed 2008). Osteoporosis. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 50. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 103(1): 203–216.

  9. Greenspan SL, et al. (2003). Combination therapy with hormone replacement and alendronate for prevention of bone loss in elderly women. JAMA, 289(19): 2525–2533.

  10. Fiechtner JJ (2003). Hip fracture prevention. Postgraduate Medicine, 114(3): 22–32.

  11. Drugs for postmenopausal osteoporosis (2008). Treatment Guidelines From The Medical Letter, 6(74): 67–74.

  12. Prestwood KM, et al. (2003). Ultralow-dose micronized 17 B-estradiol and bone density and bone metabolism in older women. JAMA, 290(8): 1042–1048.

  13. LaCroix AZ, et al. (2003). Statin use, clinical fracture, and bone density in postmenopausal women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Annals of Internal Medicine, 139(2): 97–104.

  14. Bauer DC, et al. (2004). Use of statins and fracture: Results of 4 prospective studies and cumulative meta-analysis of observational studies and controlled trials. Archives of Internal Medicine, 164(2): 146–152.

  15. Parker MJ, et al. (2006). Effectiveness of hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in elderly people: Systematic review. BMJ, 332(7541): 571–574.

  16. Zhang X, et al. (2005). Prospective cohort study of soy food consumption and risk of bone fracture among postmenopausal women. Archives of Internal Medicine, 165(16): 1890–1895.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (2003). Medical guidelines for clinical practice for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocrine Practice, 9(6): 544–564.

  • Bell KJL, et al. (2009). Value of routine monitoring of bone mineral density after starting bisphosphonate treatment: Secondary analysis of trial data. BMJ. Published online June 23, 2009 (doi:10.1136/bmj.b2266).

  • Bonaiuti D, et al. (2002). Exercise for preventing and treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2). Oxford: Update Software.

  • Heiss G, et al. (2008). Health risks and benefits 3 years after stopping randomized treatment with estrogen and progestin. JAMA, 299(9): 1036–1045.

  • Holt EH (2008). Diseases of calcium metabolism and metabolic bone disease. In DC Dale, DD Federman, eds., ACP Medicine, section 3, chap. 6. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.

  • Liu H, et al. (2008). Screening for osteoporosis in men: A systematic review for an American College of Physicians guideline. Annals of Internal Medicine, 148(9): 685–701.

  • MacLean C, et al. (2008). Systematic review: Comparative effectiveness of treatments to prevent fractures in men and women with low bone density or osteoporosis. Annals of Internal Medicine, 148(3): 197–213.

  • National Osteoporosis Foundation (2008). Prevention: Exercise for healthy bones. Available online:

  • Nelson HD, et al. (2010). Screening for osteoporosis: An update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of Internal Medicine, 153(2): 99–111.

  • North American Menopause Society (2010). Management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: 2010 position statement of the North American Menopause Society. Menopause, 17(1): 23–54.

  • Qaseem A, et al. (2008). Pharmacologic treatment of low bone density or osteoporosis to prevent fractures: A clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Annals of Internal Medicine, 149(6): 404–415.

  • Vondracek SF, Hansen LB (2004). Current approaches to the management of osteoporosis in men. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacists, 61(17): 1801–1811.

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