Osteoporosis in Men Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Osteoporosis in Men article.

Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Bone mineral density: BMD, a measure of bone density, reflecting the strength of bones as ...

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Broken hip: Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due...

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Calcitonin: A hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers the levels of calcium and ...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

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DEXA: Dual energy X-ray absorptometry. See: DXA.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

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Heredity: The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to child.

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low testosterone: Abnormally low levels of the male sex hormone testosterone in the blood....

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Molecule: The smallest unit of a substance that can exist alone and retain the character o...

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Mortality: Susceptible to death.

Mortality rate: A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as,...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

Osteopenia: Mild thinning of the bone mass. Osteopenia represents a low bone mass and is n...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parathyroid hormone: See Parathormone.

Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Testosterone: A "male hormone" -- a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages th...

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Testosterone replacement therapy: The practice of giving testosterone to treat conditions...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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