Osteoporosis in Men Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Osteoporosis in Men article.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

See the entire definition of Arthritis

Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

See the entire definition of Back pain

Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

See the entire definition of Bone density

Bone mineral density: BMD, a measure of bone density, reflecting the strength of bones as ...

See the entire definition of Bone mineral density

Broken hip: Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due...

See the entire definition of Broken hip

Calcitonin: A hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers the levels of calcium and ...

See the entire definition of Calcitonin

Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

See the entire definition of Calcium

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic

Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

See the entire definition of Chronic disease

Consultant: An individual to whom one refers for expert advice or services. The use of con...

See the entire definition of Consultant

DEXA: Dual energy X-ray absorptometry. See: DXA.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

back to top

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

See the entire definition of Food and Drug Administration

Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

See the entire definition of Fracture

Heparin: An anticoagulant (anti-clotting) medication. Heparin is useful in preventing thro...

See the entire definition of Heparin

Heredity: The genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to child.

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

See the entire definition of Indicate

Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

See the entire definition of Informatics

Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

See the entire definition of Internal medicine

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

See the entire definition of Liver

Low testosterone: Abnormally low levels of the male sex hormone testosterone in the blood....

See the entire definition of Low testosterone

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

See the entire definition of Lungs

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

See the entire definition of Medical history

Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

See the entire definition of Menopause

Molecule: The smallest unit of a substance that can exist alone and retain the character o...

See the entire definition of Molecule

Mortality: A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word "mortality" is derived from "m...

See the entire definition of Mortality back to top

Mortality rate: A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as,...

See the entire definition of Mortality rate

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle

Nasal: Having to do with the nose.

NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

See the entire definition of Nursing

Osteopenia: Mild thinning of the bone mass. Osteopenia represents a low bone mass and is n...

See the entire definition of Osteopenia

Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

See the entire definition of Osteoporosis

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Parathyroid hormone: See Parathormone.

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

See the entire definition of Postmenopausal

Posture: The carriage of the body as a whole, the attitude of the body, or the position of...

See the entire definition of Posture

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

See the entire definition of Resistance

Rheumatologist: A specialist in the non-surgical treatment of rheumatic illnesses, espec...

See the entire definition of Rheumatologist

Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

See the entire definition of Rheumatology back to top

Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

See the entire definition of Scan

Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

See the entire definition of Spine

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

See the entire definition of Stomach

Testosterone: A "male hormone" -- a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages th...

See the entire definition of Testosterone

Testosterone replacement therapy: The practice of giving testosterone to treat conditions...

See the entire definition of Testosterone replacement therapy

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

See the entire definition of Thyroid

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

See the entire definition of Urine

Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

See the entire definition of Vitamin D

Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

See the entire definition of Wrist

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top







Medical Dictionary