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Osteoporosis in Men (cont.)

Risk Factors for Osteoporosis and Fractures in Men

Even though bone loss in men usually occurs later in life compared with women, men can still be at high risk for osteoporosis. By age 65, men catch up to women and lose bone mass at the same rate.

It is estimated that by 2025, the total number of hip fractures in men will be similar to the current number reported in women. Perhaps because men are generally older than women are when they have a fracture, men are often more severely disabled. As with women, the hips, spine, and wrists are the most common sites of fracture.

Risk factors for bone loss and fractures include the following:

  • Certain drugs (corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, heparin, excessive thyroid replacement, certain cancer therapies)
  • Chronic disease that affects the kidneys, lungs, stomach, joints, and intestines and alters hormone levels
  • Undiagnosed low levels of the sex hormone testosterone
  • Small body frame
  • Lifestyle habits
    • Smoking
    • Alcohol
    • Low calcium and vitamin D intake
    • Inadequate physical exercise
  • Increasing age
  • Heredity
  • Race (Of all men, white men appear to be at greatest risk for osteoporosis. However, men from all ethnic groups develop osteoporosis.)
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