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Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts Quick Overview

  • Ovarian cysts are fairly common. They are fluid-filled sacs that form in or on a woman's ovaries.
  • Symptoms of ovarian cysts depend to a large extent on the size of the cyst. Many ovarian cysts produce no symptoms. Large or ruptured ovarian cysts can cause symptoms including pain, pelvic pressure or discomfort.
  • Vaginal (pelvic) ultrasound can be used to reveal the presence of ovarian cysts.
  • Ovarian cysts can vary in size. Many are very small, while cysts associated with ovarian tumors may be 12 inches or more in diameter.
  • In some cases ovarian cysts can cause problems with menstrual periods such as abnormal or irregular bleeding. Spotting (light bleeding) from the vagina can also occur due to some ovarian cysts.
  • Very rarely, cysts on the ovaries are part of ovarian cancers. Benign functional ovarian cysts do not cause cancer, and the vast majority of ovarian cysts are benign.
  • Some types of ovarian cysts (polycystic ovary syndrome and cysts related to endometriosis) may make it more difficult for a woman to get pregnant.
  • Simple ovarian cysts (functional cysts) can sometimes be seen during pregnancy. Dermoid cysts and other types of cysts can also occur in pregnant women.
  • The sudden onset of severe pain is the characteristic symptom of a ruptured (burst) ovarian cyst.
  • Treatment of ruptured ovarian cysts involves medications for pain control. Ruptured dermoid cysts may require surgery due to irritation of the internal organs from the contents of the cyst.
  • Larger cysts may require surgery to remove the cyst or a biopsy to rule out cancer.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2016
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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Ovarian Cysts:

Ovarian Cysts - Experience

Please share your experience with ovarian cysts, for example, the type of cyst, any symptoms, the treatment, and/or any complications.

Ovarian Cysts - Treatments

What was the treatment for your ovarian cysts?

Ovarian Cysts - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience when you have/had ovarian cyst(s)?

Ovarian Cysts - Causes

What was the cause of your ovarian cysts?

Ovarian picture

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

What are the Symptoms?

Most functional ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms. The larger the cyst is, the more likely it is to cause symptoms. Symptoms can include:

  • Pain or aching in your lower belly, usually when you are in the middle of your menstrual cycle.
  • A delay in the start of your menstrual period.
  • Vaginal bleeding when you are not having your period.

SOURCE:
Healthwise


Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Ovarian Cysts »

An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with liquid or semi-liquid material arising in an ovary.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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