Font Size
A
A
A

Ovarian Cysts (cont.)

What is the treatment for ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts do not always require a specific treatment, particularly if they are not causing symptoms. Often a pelvic ultrasound will be repeated after a period of months to see if the cyst has resolved. In premenopausal women, ovarian cysts often resolve on their own within one to two months, without treatment. In postmenopausal women, ovarian cysts are less likely to resolve. Treatment may involve other tests (as described previously) to determine the likelihood that cancer is present. Larger cysts may require surgery to remove the cyst or to take a tissue sample (biopsy) to rule out cancer.

A ruptured ovarian cyst is typically treated with pain medications and does not require surgery. Ruptured dermoid cysts may require surgery because the contents of these cysts are very irritating to the internal organs. Moreover, surgery may be necessary for ruptures of cysts that cause internal bleeding or are suspicious for cancer.

What medications treat ovarian cysts?

Oral contraceptives: Birth control suppresses ovulation and ovarian hormone production. The uterine lining grows and is shed in direct response to the hormonal content in the pills. Without ovulation and ovarian hormone production, functional cysts are rarely seen.

Pain relievers: Anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen (for example, Advil) may help reduce pelvic pain. Narcotic pain medications by prescription may relieve severe pain caused by ovarian cysts. However, these medications do nothing to speed the resolution of the cyst.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2016
Medical Author:

Must Read Articles Related to Ovarian Cysts

Birth Control Hormonal Methods
Birth Control Hormonal Methods "The pill" was introduced in the United States in 1962 and signaled a new era for women and their ability to control their fertility.learn more >>
Birth Control
Birth Control Overview Many different types of birth control are available. They include:
  • hormonal methods,
  • barrier methods, and
  • behavioral methods.
  • ...
learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Ovarian Cysts:

Ovarian Cysts - Experience

Please share your experience with ovarian cysts, for example, the type of cyst, any symptoms, the treatment, and/or any complications.

Ovarian Cysts - Treatments

What was the treatment for your ovarian cysts?

Ovarian Cysts - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience when you have/had ovarian cyst(s)?

Ovarian Cysts - Causes

What was the cause of your ovarian cysts?


Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Ovarian Cysts »

An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with liquid or semi-liquid material arising in an ovary.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary