Ovarian Cysts (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What is the treatment for ovarian cysts?
Ovarian cysts do not always require a specific treatment, particularly if they are not causing symptoms. Often a pelvic ultrasound will be repeated after a period of months to see if the cyst has resolved. In premenopausal women, ovarian cysts often resolve on their own within one to two months, without treatment. In postmenopausal women, ovarian cysts are less likely to resolve. Treatment may involve other tests (as described previously) to determine the likelihood that cancer is present. Larger cysts may require surgery to remove the cyst or to take a tissue sample (biopsy) to rule out cancer.
A ruptured ovarian cyst is typically treated with pain medications and does not require surgery. Ruptured dermoid cysts may require surgery because the contents of these cysts are very irritating to the internal organs. Moreover, surgery may be necessary for ruptures of cysts that cause internal bleeding or are suspicious for cancer.
What medications treat ovarian cysts?
Oral contraceptives: Birth control suppresses ovulation and ovarian hormone production. The uterine lining grows and is shed in direct response to the hormonal content in the pills. Without ovulation and ovarian hormone production, functional cysts are rarely seen.
Pain relievers: Anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen (for example, Advil) may help reduce pelvic pain. Narcotic pain medications by prescription may relieve severe pain caused by ovarian cysts. However, these medications do nothing to speed the resolution of the cyst.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2016
Wayne Blocker, MD
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