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Ovarian Cysts (cont.)

What about surgery for ovarian cysts?

Surgery may be needed to remove very large cysts or to take a tissue sampling (biopsy) of a cyst to be sure that the cyst is not cancerous.

  • Laparoscopic surgery: The surgeon makes small incisions through which a thin scope (laparoscope) can pass into the abdomen. The surgeon identifies the cyst through the scope and may remove the cyst or take a sample from it.
  • Laparotomy: This is a more invasive surgery in which a large incision is made through the abdominal wall in order to remove a cyst.
  • Surgery for ovarian torsion: An ovarian cyst may twist and cause severe abdominal pain, as well as nausea and vomiting. As the blood supply to the ovary on the involved side is compromised, emergency surgery is necessary for this complication.

Can ovarian cysts be prevented?

Little medical information is available on the prevention of ovarian cysts. Some risk factors for the development of ovarian cysts have been identified (see Causes section). Taking oral contraceptives (birth control pills) prevents ovulation and therefore reduces the chance of developing functional ovarian cysts.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/18/2016
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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Ovarian Cysts »

An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with liquid or semi-liquid material arising in an ovary.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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