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Overweight Child: Medical Evaluation


Topic Overview

If your child has been diagnosed by a doctor as being overweight or at risk of becoming overweight, a thorough medical exam is important to identify and treat any related health problems.

History

Your doctor will ask about:

  • Your child's weight history, to see if your child has had an unusual change in rate of growth.
  • What may have started the weight gain (such as an illness, family crisis or change, or medicine).
  • A family history of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and gallstones.
  • Sleeping problems your child may have, such as sleep apnea, which means your child stops breathing at times while asleep.
  • When you noticed your child's weight gain.
  • Past efforts to manage weight.
  • Unhealthy eating behavior, such as binge eating or fasting.
  • Your child's diet and exercise history.

Causes of overweight

Your doctor will look for physical or emotional reasons for your child's weight gain, including Prader-Willi syndrome, hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome (all of which are rare), or emotional causes such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders.

Some or all of the following tests will be done to help identify the cause and complications of being overweight:

Your doctor will also ask if your child is taking medicines that may result in weight gain, including:

Physical exam

During a complete physical exam, your doctor will check your child's health and look for early signs of problems, including:

Your doctor may refer your child to a medical specialist or a registered dietitian.

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