Pain Medications Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Pain Medications article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute pain: Pain that comes on quickly, can be severe, but lasts a relatively shorter peri...

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Addiction: An uncontrollable craving, seeking, and use of a substance such as alcohol or a...

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Analgesic: A drug that relieves pain.

Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Ankle sprain: A common musculoskeletal injury in which the ligaments of the ankle partiall...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Bypass: An operation in which a new pathway is created for the transport of substances in ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic pain: Pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over ...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cox-2: Cyclooxygenase-2, an enzyme that acts to speed up the production of certain chemica...

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Cox-2 inhibitor: An antiinflammatory drug that selectively blocks the cox-2 enzyme. Blocki...

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Deep vein thrombosis: A blood clot within a deep vein, typically in the thigh or leg. The ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Embolism: The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot that tr...

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Enzyme: A protein (or protein-based molecule) that speeds up a chemical reaction in a livi...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infarction: The formation of an infarct, an area of tissue death, due to a local lack of o...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Kidney stone: A stone in the kidney or a stone that originates in the kidney but has passe...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Methadone: A synthetic opiate. The most common medical use for methadone is as a legal sub...

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Morphine: A powerful narcotic agent that has strong analgesic (pain relief) action and oth...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Myocardial infarction: A heart attack. Abbreviated MI.

Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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NSAID: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, a medication that is commonly prescribed or pu...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Opiate: A medication or an illegal drug that is derived from the opium poppy or that mimic...

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Opioid: 1. A synthetic narcotic that resembles the naturally occurring opiates. 2. Any sub...

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Oxycodone: Oxycodone is the active ingredient in OxyContin. Oxycodone is an opioid, a clos...

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OxyContin: A prescription painkiller that has become a popular and dangerous recreational ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pain management: The process of providing medical care that alleviates or reduces pain. Mi...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Placebo: A "sugar pill" or any dummy medication or treatment.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sinus: 1. An air-filled cavity in a dense portion of a skull bone. The sinuses decr...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Substance abuse: The excessive use of a substance, especially alcohol or a drug. (There is...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot in a blood vessel. The vessel may be...

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Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Tremor: An abnormal, repetitive shaking movement of the body. Tremors have many causes and...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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Withdrawal symptoms: Abnormal physical or psychological features that follow the abrupt di...

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