IN THIS ARTICLE
Alcohol abuse and gallstones are the two main causes of pancreatitis, accounting for 80% to 90% of all cases.
Pancreatitis from alcohol use usually occurs in individuals who have been long-term alcohol drinkers for at least five to seven years. Most cases of chronic pancreatitis are due to alcohol abuse. Pancreatitis is often already chronic by the first time the person seeks medical attention (usually for severe pain).
Gallstones form from a buildup of material within the gallbladder, another organ in the abdomen (please see previous illustration). A gallstone can block the pancreatic duct, trapping digestive juices inside the pancreas. Pancreatitis due to gallstones tends to occur most often in women older than 50 years of age.
The remaining 10% to 20% of cases of pancreatitis have various causes, including the following:
In about 15% of cases of acute pancreatitis and 40% of cases of chronic pancreatitis, the cause is never known.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/12/2014
Must Read Articles Related to Pancreatitis
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Pancreatitis:
Pancreatitis - Describe Your Experience
Please describe your experience with pancreatitis.
Pancreatitis - Diet Prevention
Has changing your diet helped your pancreatitis?
Pancreatitis - Symptoms
The symptoms of pancreatitis can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?
Digestive Disorders Resources
- Are Antidiarrheals Safe for IBS?
- Is It Okay to Take a Stool Softener Every Day?
- Can Apple Cider Vinegar Help Digestion?
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape
The pancreas is a gland located in the upper, posterior abdomen and is responsible for insulin production (endocrine pancreas) and the manufacture and secretion of digestive enzymes (exocrine pancreas) leading to carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.