Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (cont.)
When to Seek Medical Care for PID
If a female is experiencing the following symptoms, she should see a health care provider:
Given the long-term complications PID can cause, such as infertility and ectopic pregnancy, it is recommended that females seek immediate medical attention if they have any of these symptoms:
- Lower abdominal pain or tenderness
- Fever greater than 101 F (38.3 C)
- Abnormal or foul-smelling vaginal discharge
Adult women with PID are either closely monitored or admitted to the hospital. More aggressive treatment may take place in the hospital for adolescent females, who are at a much higher risk of not following treatment plans and of having complications.
The person may be admitted to the hospital if any of the following occur:
- The definitive diagnosis of the woman's abdominal/pelvic pain is unclear.
- Ectopic pregnancy or appendicitis cannot be ruled out.
- She is pregnant.
- An abscess (a localized infection) is suspected. A tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) is a type of disease seen frequently in PID. A tubo-ovarian abscess is a collection of bacteria, pus, and fluid (abscess) that occurs in the Fallopian tube and involves the ovary. It is most often seen in teens. A tubo-ovarian abscess is also more likely to occur in teens or adult women who use intrauterine devices (IUDs) as birth control. A teen girl with a tubo-ovarian abscess often looks sick, has a fever and pain that makes it difficult to walk. The abscess will be treated with antibiotics in the hospital by most physicians. Surgery may be needed to remove or drain the abscess.
- The person is acutely ill or cannot manage their illness at home.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/9/2015
Must Read Articles Related to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Adhesions, General and After Surgery
Adhesions are bands of scar tissue that form over organs. Adhesions can occur in the abdomen, pelvic region, or around the heart. Adhesions generally do not cau...learn more >>
Cervicitis is an infection of the lower genital tract (inflammation of the cervix). Cervicitis may be caused by STD's or injuries to the cervix. Cervicitis symp...learn more >>
Chlamydia is a sexual transmitted disease (STD) transmitted when people have sexual relations. Often, there are no symptoms. Chlamydia is caused by the bacteriu...learn more >>
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):