Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Topic Guide
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of a woman's reproductive organs (cervicitis, salpingitis, endometritis, and peritonitis) is an STD caused by either the Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. Symptoms of PID include abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, heavy vaginal discharge, painful urination, or painful intercourse. Treatment is generally with antibiotics (oral or IV) or possibly surgery.
Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps are either classified as primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) in which there is no anatomical cause for the pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual cramps that occur as the result of another medical condition (for example, endometriosis, fibroids, infections, stress, or ovarian cysts). Home remedies for relief of menstrual cramps include OTC pain medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Heating pads laid over the pelvic area, massage, or exercise may also be beneficial in relieving the menstrual cramps. In some cases prescription medications may be necessary for the treatment of menstrual cramps.
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