Periodontal (Gum) Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Periodontal (Gum) Disease article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Calculus: A stone, as in the urinary tract, or calcium salt deposits on the teeth. In Lati...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chin: Medically, the mentum. The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including t...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fluoride: A compound of fluorine with another element or radical. Fluoride containing com...

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Gingiva: The gums.

Gingivitis: Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appea...

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Gum disease: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surr...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fibers and support...

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Periodontitis: Gum disease. The word "periodontitis" literally means "inflammation around...

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Plaque: 1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an a...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Probe: (1) In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to e...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Scaling: Abnormal shedding or accumulation of an upper layer of skin (the stratum corneum)...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Sulcus: A groove, furrow, or trench. The plural is sulci. In anatomy, there are many sulci...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tartar: The hardened product of minerals from saliva and foods that accumulates in plaque ...

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Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Ulcerative gingivitis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulcerat...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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