Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease) article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

See the entire definition of Acute

Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

See the entire definition of Anesthetic

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

See the entire definition of Birth control

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

See the entire definition of Calcium

Calculus: A stone, as in the urinary tract, or calcium salt deposits on the teeth. In Lati...

See the entire definition of Calculus

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

See the entire definition of Carbohydrates

Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

See the entire definition of Cavities

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

See the entire definition of Chills

Chin: Medically, the mentum. The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including t...

See the entire definition of Chin

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic back to top

Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

See the entire definition of Connective tissue

Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

See the entire definition of Diabetes

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

See the entire definition of Enzymes

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

See the entire definition of Fever

Fluoride: A compound of fluorine with another element or radical. Fluoride containing com...

See the entire definition of Fluoride

Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other orga...

See the entire definition of Genetics

Gingiva: The gums.

Gingivitis: Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appea...

See the entire definition of Gingivitis

Gum disease: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surr...

See the entire definition of Gum disease

Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

See the entire definition of Hormone

Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

See the entire definition of Hygiene

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

See the entire definition of Immune response back to top

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

See the entire definition of Inflammation

Inflammatory response: A fundamental type of response by the body to disease and injury, a...

See the entire definition of Inflammatory response

Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

See the entire definition of Injure

Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

See the entire definition of Oxygen

Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that destroys the attachment fibers and support...

See the entire definition of Periodontal disease

Periodontitis: Gum disease. The word "periodontitis" literally means "inflammation around...

See the entire definition of Periodontitis

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Plaque:1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an are...

See the entire definition of Plaque

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Probe: 1: In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to explore, ...

See the entire definition of Probe

Probiotics: live microorganisms (usually bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microor...

See the entire definition of Probiotics back to top

Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

See the entire definition of Pus

Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

See the entire definition of Saliva

Scaling: Abnormal shedding or accumulation of an upper layer of skin (the stratum corneum)...

See the entire definition of Scaling

Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

See the entire definition of Sore

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

See the entire definition of Stress

Sulcus: A groove, furrow, or trench. The plural is sulci. In anatomy, there are many sulci...

See the entire definition of Sulcus

Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

See the entire definition of Superficial

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tartar: The hardened product of minerals from saliva and foods that accumulates in plaque ...

See the entire definition of Tartar

Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

See the entire definition of Taste

Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

See the entire definition of Tongue

Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

See the entire definition of Tooth

Ulcerative gingivitis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulcerat...

See the entire definition of Ulcerative gingivitis

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top

Xylitol: A sweetener that is found in plants and used as a substitute for sugar. Xylitol i...

See the entire definition of Xylitol back to top






Medical Dictionary