Periodontal (Gum) Disease (cont.)
Periodontal (Gum) Disease Symptoms and Signs
- Gingivitis includes swelling and bleeding
of the gums, bad breath, or a bad taste in your mouth. Good toothbrushing and flossing can reverse the affects of gingivitis.
- Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is an advanced and invasive form of
gingivitis that causes sore gums and a whitish membrane on the gums. It
requires antibiotics as part of the treatment.
- Periodontitis occurs when bacterial toxins and
enzymes destroy the connective tissue and bone.
- The gums draw back, and the roots of the teeth are exposed. The teeth may become very sensitive to temperature changes, or new cavities can develop.
- The pocket between the tooth and the gums deepens; plaque in this area is very difficult to remove. Bacteria invade the surrounding structures.
- When the gums pull away from the teeth, pus develops between the teeth and the gums or the permanent teeth become loose in their sockets. Only a dentist can decide whether the teeth can be saved.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/27/2014
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