Phlebitis Topic Guide
Phlebitis: Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein. Superficial phlebitis affects the veins on the surface of the skin. Deep vein thrombophlebitis affects the larger veins deep in the veins. Blood clots in the legs can form from deep vein thrombophlebitis and potentially lead to pulmonary embolism. Causes of phlebitis include sedentary lifestyle, smoking, varicose veins, cancer, hormone therapy, birth control pills, obesity, or injury to the legs or arms. Symptoms of phlebitis include red, tender, warm, hard, throbbing, or burning feeling along the skin. Fever, may sometimes be present. Treatment depends on the location and severity of the condition.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (Blood Clot in the Leg, DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg, DVT) is a blood clot imbedded in one of the major veins of the lower body, including the legs, thighs, or pelvis. Causes of DVT include prolonged sitting while traveling, trauma, prolonged immobility, obesity, heart attack, hormone therapy, cancer, respiratory conditions, and aging. Symptoms of DVT include redness and warmth to the touch, leg cramps, edema, and pain. Treatment is generally blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin).