Pick Disease Overview
Pick disease is a brain disorder that causes slowly worsening decline of mental abilities. It gradually damages brain cells and impairs their function. It disturbs cognitive processes, such as reasoning, problem solving, and memory. The disease often affects a person’s ability to use and understand spoken, written, and even signed language. It also affects personality, emotions, and social behavior. When the decline in mental abilities is severe enough to interfere with a person’s ability to carry out everyday activities, it is called dementia.
Pick disease is named after Arnold Pick, the doctor who first described the disease in 1892. It is often compared to Alzheimer's disease. However, Pick disease is different from Alzheimer's disease in several ways.
Unfortunately, Pick disease is similar to Alzheimer's disease in several ways.
Much less is known about Pick disease than about Alzheimer's disease. This is partly because Pick disease is a much less common disease. Also, Pick bodies and neuron swelling are difficult to detect in a living person, so Pick disease may go undiagnosed or be misdiagnosed. People with Pick disease are sometimes thought to have Alzheimer's disease. This is changing as medical professionals learn more about Pick disease.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/24/2014
Anna M Barrett, MD
Nestor Galvez-Jimenez, MD
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
Helmi L Lutsep, MD
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