Pick Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Pick Disease article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter released by nerves that is essential for communication b...

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Alzheimer's disease: A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementi...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antioxidant: A substance that reduces damage due to oxygen, such as that caused by free ra...

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Antipsychotic: A medication (or another measure) that is believed to be effective in the t...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aphasia: Literally, no speech. Aphasia may also be used to describe defects in spoken expr...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Autopsy: A postmortem examination. Also known as necropsy.

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

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Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Curable: Amenable to a cure, capable of being cured, to being healed and made well. From ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dementia: Significant loss of intellectual abilities, such as memory capacity, that is sev...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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EEG: Electroencephalogram.

Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Frontal: In anatomy, pertaining to the forehead. As, for example, the frontal bone, fronta...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Neuron: A nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals over long distances within...

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Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain and other parts of the n...

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NINDS: Stands for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, one of the ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Pathologist: A physician who identifies diseases and conditions by studying abnormal cells...

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Pick disease: A form of dementia characterized by a slowly progressive deterioration of s...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Primary care provider: In insurance parlance, a physician who is chosen by or assigned to ...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Psychiatrist: A physician who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of m...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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SPECT: An acronym that stands for Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, a nuclear me...

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Speech therapist: An older term for a speech- language pathologist.

Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Temporal: 1. Pertaining to time, limited in time, temporary, or transient.
...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

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