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Pilonidal Cyst

Pilonidal Cyst Overview

A pilonidal cyst is a cystic structure that develops along the tailbone (coccyx) near the cleft of the buttocks, approximately 4 cm-5 cm from the anus. These cysts usually contain hair and skin debris. Individuals with a pilonidal cyst may not have any symptoms at all (termed asymptomatic), whereas others may develop an infection of the cyst with associated pain and inflammation. The treatment and management of pilonidal cysts depends on many factors, including the extent and chronicity of the disease. Recurrence of pilonidal cysts is common.

Pilonidal cysts were first described in 1833 by Herbert Mayo. The term pilonidal is derived from the Latin words "pilus" (hair) and "nidus" (nest) and was coined in 1880 by R.M. Hodge. Pilonidal cysts occur more frequently in men than in women, and they are more common in Caucasians than in other racial groups. Pilonidal cysts usually occur between the ages of 15 to 24, and their development is uncommon after the age of 40.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/13/2014

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Pilonidal Cyst Treatment Overview

No medical treatment is needed for pilonidal disease that is not causing symptoms. If you have been diagnosed with a pilonidal cyst or pilonidal disease, keep the area around the cyst clean and dry. Use an antibacterial soap to wash the area. And wipe with an alcohol swab 2 to 3 times a day when the pilonidal area begins to get irritated. Your doctor may tell you to keep the area cleared of hair by shaving, using a hair-removing lotion (depilatory), or having electrolysis. This reduces the chance of hair entering the cyst and contributing to infection.

If a pilonidal cyst is infected, your doctor will usually prescribe an antibiotic unless the cyst needs to be drained right away.

SOURCE: Healthwise

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Pilonidal Disease »

Pilonidal disease was first reported in 1833. Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus is a common disorder among young adults.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

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