Pineal Tumors (cont.)
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Pineal Tumor Treatment
Surgery is essential to obtain a sample of tumor tissue so the pathologist can confirm a precise histological diagnosis. Precise diagnosis is required to plan appropriate therapy. Benign pineal tumors can be removed surgically. Malignant pineal tumors are treated differently depending on the type of malignant tumor (cancer) found. Pineocytomas are treated with surgery alone as no benefit from radiation therapy has been shown. The most common malignant tumor in this area is the germinoma. This is very sensitive to both radiation and chemotherapy and is curable in most cases. Other malignant germ cell tumors occurring in this region are treated with chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy. Non-germ cell tumors may be treated with newer techniques including special focused radiation therapy called using stereotactic techniques.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/30/2014
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