A previously used plague vaccine is no longer manufactured and not commercially available. It was only effective against the bubonic form of the illness. A small amount of vaccine is obtainable from the U.S. government under special conditions (for example, plague bacteria researchers). A new vaccine is under development by DynPort and is in a clinical trial.
- In general, to prevent contracting plague, people should avoid contact with wild animals. Controlling rat and flea populations where plague is found is also important.
- Anyone who has had contact with the plague-infected patient (including hospital and rescue personnel) should be watched carefully for symptoms. At the first sign of illness (such as fever or swollen glands), doctors will begin antibiotic treatment.
- Pets and people who have come into contact with a plague-infected person should be given antibiotics as a preventive measure.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/7/2013
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