Polio Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Polio article.

Abortive: Tending to cut short the course of a disease, as in abortive polio (polio cut sh...

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Abortive polio: Abortive polio is a minor illness. It accounts for 80-90% of clinically a...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Attenuated: Weakened, diluted, thinned, reduced, weakened, diminished.

Booster shot: An additional dose of a vaccine needed periodically to 'boost' the immune sy...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Endemic: Present in a community at all times but in relatively low frequency. Something t...

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Enterovirus: A virus that enters the body through the gastrointestinal tract and thrives ...

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Epidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Immunodeficiency: The inability to form a normal immune response. Immunodeficiency can be ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Limb: An arm or a leg.

Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Polio: Abbreviation for poliomyelitis, an acute and sometimes devastating disease caused ...

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Poliomyelitis: An acute and sometimes devastating viral disease. Man is the only natural ...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Residual: Something left behind. With residual disease, the disease has not been eradicate...

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Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Sabin: 1. Sabin, Albert.
2. Sabin, Florence R..

Smallpox: A highly contagious and frequently fatal viral disease that is characterized by ...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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World Health Organization: The subagency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with...

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Medical Dictionary