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A doctor may make a preliminary diagnosis of polio from a patient's lack of vaccination, likely contact with the polio viruses, and symptoms of muscle aches, stiffness, and difficulty with limb movements and breathing or swallowing. Definitive diagnosis is done by obtaining samples of throat mucus, stool samples, and /or cerebrospinal fluid. Laboratory tests can detect the viruses in these samples for a definitive diagnosis, and other tests can detect if the person is making antibodies against polio viruses.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/24/2015
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