Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Topic Guide
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS): Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS, polycystic ovary syndrome, Stein-Levinthal syndrome) is a hormonal disorder in women. Symptoms and signs of PCOS include an irregular menstrual cycle, presence of excess male hormones, enlarged ovaries with small cysts, hair loss, acne, and excessive hair growth. Conditions associated with PCOS include diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, infertility, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. Treatment of PCOS can include medication or surgery.
Diabetes (Type 1, Type 2) There are two types of diabetes, type 1 (insulin dependent), and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). type 1 diabetes is caused by heredity, environmental factors, or ethnicity. Type 2 diabetes is caused by high blood pressure, high lipid levels, high-fat diet, high alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, ethnicity, or age. Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin injection. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or managed with medication, diet, exercise, and quitting smoking.
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