Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) often occur suddenly and get worse without treatment. Typical polymyalgia rheumatica symptoms include pain and morning stiffness in the:
These symptoms are caused by inflammation of joints, tendons, and bursae of the hip and shoulder regions. The pain affects both sides of the body. For example, both shoulders will usually be painful, not just one. Usually, both the shoulder and hip areas are affected.
Other symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica may include:
Giant cell arteritis
Symptoms of giant cell arteritis (GCA) can develop gradually or suddenly. They require immediate treatment.
Symptoms of giant cell arteritis may include:
Some people with giant cell arteritis do not have the typical symptoms of headache, jaw pain, and vision problems. About half of people with giant cell arteritis will also have symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica.1
Untreated giant cell arteritis can cause narrowing (constriction) of some of the arteries in the skull or head, reducing blood flow. As a result, a person with untreated giant cell arteritis is at greater risk of blindness, stroke, or mini-strokes (transient ischemic attacks, or TIAs).
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