Font Size
A
A
A

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (cont.)

Web Links

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

National Center for PTSD, What Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

National Institute of Mental Health, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

National Mental Health Association, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

MedlinePlus, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Medically reviewed by Marina Katz, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology

REFERENCES:

Bradley, R., J. Greene, et al. "A Multi Dimensional Meta-analysis of Psychotherapy for PTSD." AMJ Psychiatry 162.2 (2005): 214-227.

Bryant, R.A., et al. "A Study of the Protective Function of Acute Morphine Administration on Subsequent Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder." Biological Psychiatry 65.5 Mar. 1, 2009: 438-440.

Campbell, K. "One Year Later: Post-Traumatic Stress Takes Toll on Children." Facts of Life: Issue Briefings for Health Reporters 7.9 Sept. 2002.

Cohen, Beth E., Charles R. Marmar, et al. "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease: Findings From the Heart and Soul Study." Arch Gen Psychiatry 66.11 (2009): 1214-1220.

Delahanty, Douglas L., and Nicole R. Nugent. "Predicting PTSD Prospectively Based on Prior Trauma History and Immediate Biological Responses." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1071 July 2006: 27–40. doi: 10.1196/annals.1364.003

Holbrook, T.L., M.R. Galarneau, et al. "Morphine Use After Combat Injury in Iraq and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder." N Engl J Med 362.2 Jan. 14, 2010: 110-117.

Keane, T.M., Barlow, D.H. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In: Barlow DH. Anxiety and its disorders. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 2001.

Langeland, W., and M. Oliff. "Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Pediatric Injury Patients: A Review of the Literature." Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 32.1 (2008): 161-174.

Schlenger, W.E., Caddell, J.M., Ebert, L., et al. Psychological reactions to terrorist attacks: findings from the National Studyof Americans' Reactions to September 11. JAMA. Aug 7 2002;288(5):581-8. .

Schuster, M.A., Stein, B.D., Jaycox, L., et al. A national survey of stress reactions after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. N Engl J Med. Nov 15 2001;345(20):1507-12.

Yehuda, R., Bierer, L.M. "Transgenerational Transmission of Cortisol and PTSD Risk." Prog Brain Res 167 (2008): 121-135.

Yehuda, R., Halligan, S., Grossman, R. Childhood trauma and risk for PTSD: Relationship to intergenerational effects of trauma, parental PTSD and cortisol excretion. Stress Dev. 2001;13:731-751.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/24/2014
Medical Author:

Must Read Articles Related to Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Anxiety
Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension, fear, or worry. Some fears and worries are justified, such as worry about a loved one. Anxiety may occur without a cause, ...learn more >>
Grief and Bereavement
Grief and Bereavement Grief is our personal experience of loss. Mourning is a public expression of our grief. Bereavement is the period after a loss during which mourning occurs (usu...learn more >>
Nightmares
Nightmares Nightmares occur from time to time in many children, but they are most common in preschoolers (children aged 3 to 6 years) because this is the age at which norm...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):

PTSD - Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your PTSD?

PTSD - Experience

Please describe your experience with PTSD.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - Effective Treatments

What kinds of treatments have been effective for your posttraumatic stress disorder?



NIH talks about Ebola on WebMD

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder »

The formal diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)was not introduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders until its third publication in 1980.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Medical Dictionary