IN THIS ARTICLE
Watch your weight
Losing 5% to 10% of your body weight may help you prevent or at least delay type 2 diabetes.6 For example, if you weigh 200 pounds, losing 10 to 20 pounds can reduce your risk.
Losing weight can be hard, but you can do it. The easiest way to start is by cutting calories and becoming more active. For help, see the topic Weight Management.
Make healthy food choices
Planning meals to manage prediabetes can often mean looking at food in a new way. There are several easy ways to make healthy changes to the way you eat. One way to start is by eating foods that are low in saturated fat and high in fiber. Or you might try cutting down on foods that are high in calories but low in nutrition, such as soda.
A registered dietitian can help you make a meal plan that fits your lifestyle.
For help, see the topic Healthy Eating.
The more active you are, the more sugar (glucose) your body uses for energy. This keeps the sugar from building up in your blood. Being active also:
Don't worry. You don't have to sign up for a gym membership or train for a marathon to get the activity you need to manage prediabetes. Even everyday activities can help.
Any type of activity helps, including:
Moderate activity is safe for most people, but it's always a good idea to talk to your doctor before you start an exercise program.
For help, see the topic Fitness.
If you smoke, quit
Quitting smoking can help you reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes and other health problems. Quitting can also reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. For help, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
Control blood pressure and cholesterol
When you have prediabetes, you are more likely to get heart disease than someone who has normal blood sugar levels. High cholesterol also increases your risk for type 2 diabetes.3 So it's important to keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
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