Bleeding During Pregnancy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bleeding During Pregnancy article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Abortion: In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (th...

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Abruption: A sudden breaking off or away. Abruption of the placenta (abruptio placentae) i...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Blighted ovum: A fertilized ovum (egg) that did not develop or whose development ceased at...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood components from one person (the donor) i...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carcinoma: Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs. Ex...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Conception: 1. The union of the sperm and the ovum. Synonymous with fertilization.
...

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Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Curettage: Removal of tissue with a curette from the wall of a cavity or another surface. ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dilation: The process of enlargement, stretching, or expansion. The word "dilatation" mean...

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Dilation and curettage: A minor operation in which the cervix is expanded enough (dilation...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Douche: Usually, a stream of water applied into the vagina for cleansing purposes. A douch...

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Douching: Using water or a medicated solution to clean the vagina and cervix or any other ...

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Ectopic: In the wrong place, out of place. For example, an ectopic kidney is a kidney that...

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Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy that is not in the uterus. The fertilized egg settles and g...

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Embryo: An organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation, from fertilization ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fallopian tube: One of the two Fallopian tubes that transport the egg from the ovary to th...

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Father: (1) The male parent. (2) One who originates. For example, "Wilhelm Roentgen is con...

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Fertility: The ability to conceive and bear children, the ability to become pregnant throu...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Forceps: An instrument that has two blades and a handle and is used for handling, grasping...

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Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Gestation: The period of time from conception to birth.

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Gynecologist: A physician who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hemophilia: An inherited disorder in which the ability of blood to clot normally is impair...

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Hemorrhage: Bleeding or the abnormal flow of blood.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Implantation: The act of setting in firmly.

Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Inheritance: The transmission of a gene from parent to child. The pattern of inheritance i...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intrauterine: In the uterus.

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Labor: Childbirth, the process of delivering a baby and the placenta, membranes, and umbil...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Laparoscopic: 1. Pertaining to the procedure of laparoscopy.
2. Pert...

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Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Marker: A piece of DNA that lies on a chromosome so close to a gene that the marker and t...

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Maternal: 1. Pertaining to the mother as, for example, the maternal mortality rate....

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Miscarriage: Inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable. A considerable pr...

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Molar: In dentistry, a molar is one of the posterior teeth well adapted to grinding, in ke...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ovum: An egg within the ovary of the female. An ovum can combine with sperm to form a zygo...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Oxytocin: A hormone made in the brain that plays a role in childbirth and lactation by cau...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic exam: An examination of the organs of the female reproductive system.

Pelvic pain: : Pain perceived in the area of the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen loc...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Placenta: A temporary organ that joins the mother and fetus, transferring oxygen and nutri...

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Placenta previa: A condition in which the placenta is implanted near the outlet of the ute...

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Placental: Pertaining to the placenta, the organ joining the mother and fetus during pregn...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnancy symptoms: A symptom or sign of pregnancy. These symptoms and signs depend upon t...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Speculum: An instrument that is used to widen the opening of the vagina so that the cervix...

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Spontaneous abortion: A miscarriage, that is, any pregnancy that is not viable (the fetus...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy...

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Tubal pregnancy: A pregnancy that is not in the usual place within the uterus but is locat...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Umbilical cord: The cord that connects the developing fetus with the placenta while the fe...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Uterine rupture: A tear in the uterus. A uterine rupture is a very serious situation. Caus...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Varicose veins: See: Varicose vein.

Vasa previa: A condition in which blood vessels within the placenta or the umbilical cord ...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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Medical Dictionary